Technologies that have changed the world

Technologies that have changed the world

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Over the past 20 years, the world has seen the emergence of technologies and product categories that have dramatically changed the way we live. These disruptive technologies range from cloud computing and lithium-ion batteries to 3D printing and container virtualization.

Mobile internet, 4G/LTE

Mobile internet is something that we cannot do without in everyday life. Send text messages, search something on Google or even visit a UK casino site. 4G is the fourth generation of wireless mobile infrastructure used in most modern smartphones. The name LTE stands for Long-Term Evolution, a standard for “high-speed wireless data transmission for mobile phones and other data-enabled terminals (eg, local area networks)”.

These two technologies have helped smartphones and other mobile devices gain popularity. They have created an entirely new platform for computing, internet commerce, communication and more.

cloud computing

Before the advent of cloud computing, businesses had their own network equipment that needed to be maintained regardless of how often it was used. If the servers were overloaded, they had no options. Companies like Amazon Web Services have come up with an alternative approach, namely cloud computing.

Organizations can rent a server of the right size and capacity at any time. A fee was charged for using the server. As soon as it stops working, the customer stops paying. With this innovation, businesses of all sizes have access to cost-effective compute and storage services, and startups can take advantage of them at a significantly lower cost.

Cloud computing has proven to be so revolutionary that even companies like Netflix are using Amazon Web Services servers. Individuals store data on remote Dropbox and Google Drive servers and can access them at any time.


The first touchscreen was invented in 1965, but the technology did not become commercially widespread until the iPhone was released in 2007. Later iPods, iPads, and smartphones from other companies also used this technology. These days, touchscreens can be found almost anywhere engineers can place them: in self-service museum ticket kiosks, in slot machines, and on order tables in restaurants.


Of all the disruptive technologies, Wi-Fi has gone from “non-existent” to “ubiquitous” the fastest. The broadband connection used by most Wi-Fi networks originated in the United States in 1985, and then the Wi-Fi Alliance organization was formed, which helped develop the technology itself. Although Wi-Fi technology was introduced in the 1990s, it only became popular in the 2000s, when virtually all laptops or electronic devices were equipped with Wi-Fi. Around the same time , routers and wireless streaming began to grow, and more and more devices that supported Wi-Fi connectivity at higher speeds began to appear. Thanks to Wi-Fi, the Internet has become an integral part of our daily lives.

Virtual reality

Fictionists have long dreamed of virtual reality, but it is still far from being widely commercialized. However, technology has evolved considerably in recent years.

The latest generation of smartphones are compatible with budget versions of VR devices like Google Cardboard. Advanced gadgets like Samsung Gear, HTC Vive, and Oculus Rift have made the VR experience more vivid, whether watching a live performance or playing a game. Startups like Lucid VR offer consumers devices for creating VR content, such as a portable camera for filming in virtual reality.

Obviously, virtual reality is not yet a dominant field, but its applications are growing. Virtual reality is not only used in entertainment, but also in B2B services such as employee training, store planning and medicine (for rehabilitation and patient training).

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